Canada Day 2020: Important date, History, Events, Canada Day Quotes
Updated Jun 13, 2020
Canada Day 2020
Canada Day is celebrated on July 1 every year as a national holiday in Canada. This official holiday commemorates the confederation of the British territories in North America into one entity as “Canada”. It's one of the biggest festivities in the country and most businesses are closed to revel in the festivities, including government offices, schools, many retailers, some grocery stores, etc.
What is the history of Canada day?
Canada was formally born on 1 July 1867 when the Constitution Act joined three provinces into one country: Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, and the province of Canada, which then divided into Ontario and Quebec. However, until 1982 Canada was not wholly independent of England. Canada Day was originally known as Dominion Day.
The British North Americas Act established the Dominion of Canada as a federation of four provinces on 1 July 1867. That event is known as Canada's Confederation. The original four provinces were created from the former British colonies of Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, and the Province of Canada, which were split into Quebec and Ontario provinces. The borders of Canada have been broadened since 1867. Now the country is composed of ten provinces and three territories.
On June 20, 1868, the Governor-General of Canada announced that the Confederation's anniversary should be celebrated by Canadians. In 1879, July 1 became a holiday, called Dominion Day. However, there were no public celebrations until the 60th birthday in 1927. After the Second World War Dominion Day became more widely observed and more activities were organized by the national government. After the centenary of the confederation in 1967, celebrations on Dominion Day became more common. Then July 1 was officially recognized as Canada Day from 1982. The holiday was renamed in 1982 following the passage of the Canada Act.
How is Canada day celebrated?
Municipal governments plan a variety of activities in many towns and villages, mostly outdoors. The celebrations include parades, concerts, carnivals, markets, fireworks shows, barbeques, and citizenship formalities for new Canadian citizens. The national flag of Canada is commonly displayed and many people paint their faces red and white which are the official colors of Canada. The celebrations in Canada’s capital city Ottawa are particularly high-spirited.
In the province of Quebec, many people spend Canada Day by moving their possessions from one house to another. Canada Day is also known as Moving Day, in this province.
July 1 is also Memorial Day, in the province of Newfoundland and Labrador. This commemorates the serious loss of life in the Newfoundland Regiment during World War I on the first day of the Battle of the Somme. The morning of July 1 is generally somber in Newfoundland and Labrador. Flags fly in half-mast and memorial services are held at the monument. The celebrations in the province are similar in the afternoon to those held in the rest of the country.
Canada Day Quotes
“Our hopes are high. Our faith in people is great. Our courage is strong. And our dreams for this beautiful country will never die” - Pierre Trudeau
“Canada is the homeland of equality, justice, and tolerance” - Kim Campbell
“There are no limits to the majestic future which lies before the mighty expanse of Canada with its virile, aspiring, cultured, and generous-hearted people” - Winston Churchill
“I am a Canadian, free to speak without fear, free to worship in my own way, free to stand for what I think right, free to oppose what I believe wrong, or free to choose those who shall govern my country. This heritage of freedom I pledge to uphold for myself and all mankind” - John Diefenbaker
“Whether we live together in confidence and cohesion; with more faith and pride in ourselves and less self-doubt and hesitation; strong in the conviction that the destiny of Canada is to unite, not divide; sharing in cooperation, not in separation or in conflict; respecting our past and welcoming our future” - Lester B. Pearson