World Zoonoses Day 2020: Important date, About Zoonoses, Symptoms & Prevention of Zoonoses

World Zoonoses Day 2020: World Zoonoses is observed on July 6 every year to commemorate the scientific achievement of first vaccination against zoonotic disease and to create awareness about the risk of zoonotic disease among the public. Get the information about World Zoonoses Day, zoonoses symptoms, and preventive measures in this article.

Sheena | Updated Jun 17, 2020 13:12 PM

World Zoonoses Day 2020: Important date, About Zoonoses, Symptoms & Prevention of Zoonoses

World Zoonoses Day 2020

World Zoonoses Day is celebrated on July 6 around the world. This day is observed to honor Louis Pasteur who successfully administered the first Rabies virus vaccine, a zoonotic disease. From contact with infected live poultry, rodents, reptiles, amphibians, insects, and other domestic and wild animals, people may get zoonotic diseases. A common way to spread these zoonotic diseases is through a mosquito or tick bite. There are approximately 150 documented zoonotic diseases. So, on this World Zoonoses Day let spread awareness about the zoonotic disease, its risk factor, and prevention methods to the people.

What is Zoonoses?

The word zoonoses was derived from the Greek terms zoon (animal) and nosos (an ailment). Zoonoses is all about transmitting infectious disease between species, often done by a vector from animals to humans and from humans to animals. In direct zoonoses, the agent needs only one host to complete its life cycle, without any significant transmission change. The World Health Organization ( WHO ) estimated that 61% of all human diseases are of zoonotic origin, while 75% of new diseases that have been identified in the last decade are zoonotic.
Increased human contact with wildlife is the major factor contributing to the appearance of new zoonotic pathogens in human populations. This can be caused either by human activity being invaded into wilderness areas or by the movement of wild animals to areas of human activity.

What are the common zoonotic diseases?

The most common zoonotic diseases are:

  • Plague

  • Tuberculosis

  • Cat Scratch Fever

  • Tick Paralysis

  • Hantavirus

  • Ringworm

  • Salmonellosis

  • Leptospirosis

  • Lyme disease

  • Campylobacter infection

  • Giardia infection

  • Cryptosporidium infection

  • Roundworms

  • Hookworms

  • Scabies

  • Harvest mites

  • Rabies

What are the causes of Zoonoses?

Zoonotic diseases come from harmful germs such as viruses, bacteria, parasites, and fungi. These germs can cause many different types of diseases in humans and animals, ranging from mild disease to severe disease and even death.

How Zoonoses are transmitted to humans?

People of any age can get this zoonotic disease. The disease can transmit in various ways such as:

  • People when in contact with infected live poultry, rodents, reptiles, amphibians, insects, and other domestic and wild animals can get zoonotic diseases

  • Through the air

  • By eating contaminated meat or produce

  • Through insect bites like mosquitos or ticks

People can get illnesses in most places,  like 

  • Animal displays

  • Petting zoos

  • Pet stores

  • Nature parks

  • Wooded and bushy areas

  • Farms County or state fairs

  • Child care facilities or schools

What are the symptoms of Zoonoses?

Symptoms for Zoonoses are as follows:

  • Diarrhea 

  • Abdominal cramps

  • Poor appetite

  • Nausea

  • Vomiting

  • Pain

  • Flu-like symptoms

  • Fever

  • Body aches

  • Headache

  • Fatigue

  • Swollen lymph nodes

  • Skin lesions scratch or bite marks.

What are the prevention steps to avoid zoonotic disease?

There are some ways which help to prevent from getting a zoonotic disease such as

  • Wash your hands diligently

  • Practice safe food handling

  • Use repellent insects or other methods to keep the mosquitoes, fleas, and ticks away

  • Avoid being bitten by an animal or scratched

  • Keep any clean and sanitary areas where animals are kept

  • Do not eat, drink or open your eyes or mouth while you're handling animals or in close contact

  • Use gloves when dealing with an animal that is or appears to be sick

What are the works of WHO on Zoonoses?

The WHO works with national governments, non-governmental and philanthropic organizations, academics, and international partners, including the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) and the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE), to avoid and manage these challenges and their public health, social and economic impacts.

It promotes cross-sectoral collaboration at the human-animal-environment interface between the various relevant sectors at international, regional, and national level 

The organization develops capacity and promotes practical, evidence-based, and cost-effective tools and mechanisms for the prevention, monitoring, and detection of zoonoses, reporting, risk assessment, and control, and assisting countries in their implementation

It also supportes and facilitating their implementation in developing relevant policies, strategies, and sustainable programs to prevent and reduce risks and manage outbreaks.

Disclaimer: The above information is for general informational purposes only. All information on the Site is provided in good faith, however we make no representation or warranty of any kind, express or implied, regarding the accuracy, adequacy, validity, reliability, availability or completeness of any information on the Site.

World Zoonoses Day - FAQ

1. Is Ebola a zoonotic disease?

Ebola virus disease is also known as Ebola hemorrhagic fever and is considered to be an emerging zoonotic disease. EVD is a severe contagious disease affecting humans and non-human primates.

2. Who is Louis Pasteur?

Louis Pasteur was a French microbiologist and chemist. He discovered microbial fermentation and pasteurization and developed vaccines for rabies and anthrax.

3. Can a dog virus be transmitted to humans?

Dogs transmit various viruses and bacteria to humans. It can be transmitted to humans through infected saliva, contaminated urine or feces, and direct contact with the dog.

4. What are the symptoms of the zoonotic disease?

Common symptoms like Diarrhea, Abdominal cramps, Poor appetite, Nausea, Vomiting, Pain, and flu symptoms are Fever, Body aches, Headache, Fatigue, Swollen lymph nodes.