Quit India Movement Day 2020 - Important Date, History of Quit India Movement Day, Significance, Quotes

Quit India Movement Day 2020 - On 8 August 2020, Quit India Movement Day is observed in India to commemorate the important movement in the freedom struggle. Read more information about the Quit India Movement Day, History, Aftermath & significance of the Quit India Movement in this article.

Sheena | Updated Jun 29, 2020 08:12 AM

Quit India Movement Day 2020 - Important Date, History of Quit India Movement Day, Significance, Quotes

Quit India Movement Day 2020

Quit India Movement Day is observed on 8 August every year. Quit India Movement Day 2020 was an important movement in the freedom struggle where masses participated. Quit India Movement 2020 marks the 78th anniversary of the Quit India movement. The day is celebrated as August Kranti Din every year. The day is celebrated as it is one of the important milestones in the history of the freedom struggle of India.

What is Quit India Movement?

Quit India Movement or the August Movement or August Revolution was launched at the Bombay session of the All-India Congress Committee by Mahatma Gandhi on 8 August 1942 during World War II. Mahatma Gandhi called to end British rule in India. The movement was launched after the failure of the Cripps Mission. After this, Gandhiji gave the call “Do or Die”’ in his speech delivered at the Gowalia Tank Maidan. The speech is now popularly known as August Kranti Maidan.

The All-India Congress Committee launched the mass protest demanding "An Orderly British Withdrawal" from India. The resolution declared the immediate ending of the British rule in India was an urgent necessity for the sake of India and for the success of the cause of freedom and democracy for which the countries of the United Nations were fighting against fascist Germany, Italy, and Japan. The resolution was aimed at the withdrawal of British power from India.

Aftermath of Quit India Movement:

The protest was held from 9 August 1942 to 21 September 1942. Gandhiji was imprisoned at Aga Khan Palace, Pune, and most leaders were arrested. It was that time, new leaders like Aruna Asaf Ali emerged out as leaders. The British government declared the Indian National Congress (INC) to be an unlawful association. More than 1,00,000 people were arrested and the government resorted to violence in order to crush the agitation. 

Later in 1944, Gandhiji was released on health grounds. The first half of the Quit India movement was peaceful with demonstrations and processions but the other half was violent with raids and setting fire at post offices, government buildings, and railway stations. Quit India campaign was crushed in 1944 as the British refused to grant immediate independence. British cited that immediate independence could happen only after World War II had ended.

What is the significance of Quit India Movement?

Quit India Movement was carried forward without the leadership of Mahatma Gandhi as he and the other leaders were arrested. All sections of people, despite caste, religion & creed, participated in huge numbers. The prime significance of the movement is the decentralized command. After this movement, the British began to seriously think about the issue of Indian independence after seeing the upsurge among the masses. The movement changed the nature of political negotiations with the British empire in the 1940s which ultimately paved the way of India’s independence.

The slogan of ‘Do or Die,’ which was used in the Quit India Movement, remains the most Krantikari slogan to this day. Quit India Movement is a symbol of political betrayal. Muslim League, Rashtriya Swayam Sewak Sangh (RSS), Hindu Mahasabha, and even the undivided Communist party opposed Gandhi and his call for complete civil disobedience.

How is the Quit India Movement observed?

Quit India Movement Day is celebrated to mark the movement which boosted the freedom struggle in India. On this day, the leaders pay tributes to the freedom fighters who sacrificed their lives for the freedom of the nation. The day is observed by: 

  • Leaders of the country and the people take a pledge to honestly work for the development of the country.

  • Respectful homage is paid to all the martyrs and those who suffered untold sufferings during the freedom struggle in the country.

  • On this day, many events are organized in the country

  • Blood donation camps are organized on this day

Quit India Movement - Quotes

"Do or Die" — Mahatma Gandhi

"We want deeper sincerity of motive, a greater courage in speech and earnestness in action" — Sarojini Naidu

Happiness and misery are paper balls. Don't be afraid of death. Join the nationalist force, be united. Give work to those who are hungry, food to individuals, forget your quarrels — Sardar Vallabhai Patel

Whatever you do will be insignificant, but it is very important that you do it — Mahatma Gandhi

I believe that in the history of the world, there has not been a more genuinely democratic struggle for freedom than ours. — Mahatma Gandhi

"You can chain me, you can torture me, you can even destroy this body, but you will never imprison my mind” — Mahatma Gandhi

Ours is not a drive for power, but purely a non-violent fight for India's independence. — Mahatma Gandhi

You may take it from me that whatever in your demand for Pakistan accords with considerations of justice and equity is lying in your pocket ... whatever ... is contrary ... you can take only by the sword and in no other manner. — Mahatma Gandhi

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Quit India Movement Day - FAQ

1. When did the Quit India movement end?

On 7-8 August 1942, the All India Congress Committee met in Bombay and ratified the 'Quit India' resolution. Gandhi called for 'Do or Die'. The protest was held from 9 August 1942 to 21 September 1942. Gandhiji was imprisoned at Aga Khan Palace, Pune, and most leaders were arrested. It was that time, new leaders like Aruna Asaf Ali emerged out as leaders.

2. Who introduced the slogan "Quit India"?

The slogan 'Quit India' was coined by socialist Congress leader and then-mayor of Bombay, Yusuf Meherally. He believed to have proposed the phrase to Mahatma Gandhi during a meeting in 1942.