Nagasaki Day 2020 - All about Nagasaki Day, History, Bombing, Facts about Nagasaki Attack

Nagasaki Day 2020 - On 9 August 2020, Nagasaki Day is observed to remember the people and innocent children who were killed as the US dropped an atomic bomb on the Nagasaki city of Japan in 1945 during World War II. Read the article to get more information about History, how is the day celebrated, Facts about Nagasaki Day & Quotes.

Sheena | Updated Jul 03, 2020 11:25 AM

Nagasaki Day 2020 - All about Nagasaki Day, History, Bombing, Facts about Nagasaki Attack

Nagasaki Day 2020

Nagasaki Day is observed on 9th August every year. Nagasaki Day 2020 aims to commemorate the day when a 'Fat Man', atomic bomb, killed 80,000 people during World War II in 1945. Nagasaki Day is observed to promote peace politics against the war and create awareness about the threat of nuclear weapons and the effects of nuclear energy. 

What is the History of Nagasaki Day?

On 9ht August 1945, the US dropped the atomic bomb named "Fat Man" at 11:02 a.m., 1,650 feet above the city. One should note that Nagasaki was a shipbuilding center, the very industry intended for destruction. The bomb explosion unleashed the equivalent force of 22,000 tons of Trinitrotoluene (TNT). The hills that surrounded Nagasaki contained the destructive force.

Previously, on 6th August 1945, the US deployed an atomic bomb over the Japanese city of Hiroshima. The bomb explosion which was caused due to the bombing wiped out 90% of the city. The attacks on Hiroshima and Nagasaki marked the first time for atomic bombs in warfare. 

Why did the US attack Nagasaki?

It is said that the United States dropped the bomb in order to end the Second World War quickly and effectively with the least amount of casualties on the US side. The US chose Nagasaki as the population was only two-thirds of Hiroshima’s population. The city was industrially more important. Nagasaki was a port for the trans-shipment of military supplies and embarkation of troops in support of Japan’s operation in China. Nagasaki had industrial suburbs of Inase and Akunoua.

The atomic bomb that exploded was the uranium bomb. On 6th August 1945, when the bomb was dropped it had an explosive yield equal to 15,000 tonnes of TNT. Just 2 days late, a slightly larger plutonium bomb that was exploded over Nagasaki levelled 6.7 km square of the city and killed around 74,000 people by the end of 1945. When the atomic bomb was exploded, the temperature of ground reached 4,000 degree Celsius and radioactive rain poured down. The bomb used on Nagasaki was more powerful than the one dropped on Hiroshima.

Check out the Nagasaki Bomb attack Timeline

August 6th, 1945: Hiroshima was attacked by the US
August 8th, 1945, leaflets dropped to warn of next bombing unless the Japanese accepted their requests
August 9th, Soviet Military declare war on Japan.
August 9th, the Fat Man atomic bomb was carried to Nagasaki and was dropped by the US B-29 Superfortress Bockscar.
August 14th, Japan surrenders and ends the war

What are the side effects of Nagasaki Bombing?

The survivors who were exposed to the bombing suffered acute, near-immediate effect by killing cells and directly damaging tissue, radiations that can also have effects that happen on longer scale, such as cancer, and mutations in the DNA of living cells. Among the long-term effects that were suffered by atomic bomb survivors, the most deadly was leukemia. The city witnessed a spike in the incidence of leukaemia amongst the survivors. After a decade, thyroid cancer, breast cancer, lung cancer, and other forms of cancer were also observed at higher than normal rates. The other effects include:

  • The children who were exposed to the radiation whilst in their mothers’ wombs were born with intellectual disabilities, impaired growth, and an increased predisposition towards developing cancer.

  • Persons who suffered thermal burns within 1-2 kilometers of ground zero suffered serious flame and contact burns in addition to moderate flash burns. It resulted in marked scar formation.

  • The people suffered Keloids, A-bomb cataracts, Leukemia, Cancers, Chromosome changes, and exposure in utero and microcephaly.

  • The bombing caused deadly effects on the environment.

How is the Nagasaki Day observed?

Nagasaki Day is observed by the people of Japan and across the world to remind peace that is to be observed. On this day, people pray for the realization of lasting world peace. Peace Message Lantern Floating Ceremony is held in remembrance of the day.  

Hiroshima & Nagasaki Attack - Facts

  • The bombings led to the deaths of at least 150,000-246,000 people

  • Initially, there were five Japanese cities on the US’s initial hit list and Nagasaki was not one of them

  • The bombs were detonated in the air

  • The bombs that attacked Hiroshima & Nagasaki were based on very different designs

  • The US Air Force dropped pamphlets in Japan before the bomb attacks.

  • The First responders to the bomb attack couldn’t help back then, and they wouldn’t be able to help now.

  • The effects of the bomb attck last to this day

  • The Paper Cranes which are made are the symbols of peace and action

  • UN adopted the Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons to make sure it never happens again

  • The UN Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons holds great significance for the Hibakusha

  • Oleander is the official flower of Hiroshima as it was the first plant to blossom again after the atomic bomb blast.

  • In Hiroshima’s Peace Memorial Park, a flame is being burned continuously since it was lit in the year 1964

Nagasaki - Quotes

Science has nothing to be ashamed of, even in the ruins of Nagasaki. The shame is theirs who appeal to other values than the human imaginative values in which science has evolved. - Jacob Bronowski

I could put a tennis racket up against my face and pretend that I'm Kendo Nagasaki - Nigel Blackwell

If I had foreseen Hiroshima and Nagasaki, I would have torn up my formula in 1905. - Albert Einstein

The bombs held in current nuclear arsenals are seventy times more powerful than the bomb dropped on Nagasaki. If we don’t begin opposing the drift towards more and more of them, we will live in the shadow of the mushroom cloud for the rest of our lives — and millions may die there. - Johann Hari

“Hiroshima and Nagasaki were atomized at a time when the Japanese were suing desperately for peace." ― David Dellinger

“If the radiance of a thousand suns, Were to burst at once into the sky, That would be like the splendour of the Mighty One... I am become Death, The shatterer of worlds. - (Quoted from the Bhagavad Gita after the bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki.) ― J. Robert Oppenheimer

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Nagasaki Day - FAQ

1. Why Is Nagasaki famous?

Nagasaki is located on the west coast of Japan's Kyushu Island is known for its volcanoes, beautiful offshore islands, historic buildings, and hot-spring spas. The city was the only major entrance port for foreign countries for hundreds of years in Japan's period of national isolation.

2. What city was supposed to be bombed instead of Nagasaki?

It is said that Kyoto was supposed to be bombed instead of Nagasaki. Just weeks before the US dropped the most powerful weapon mankind has ever known, Nagasaki was not even on a list of target cities for the atomic bomb. In its place was Japan's ancient capital, Kyoto.

3. Which bomb was dropped on Nagasaki?

On 6th August 1945, one of the modified B-29s dropped a uranium gun-type bomb named "Little Boy" was dropped on Hiroshima. Another B-29 dropped a plutonium implosion bomb named "Fat Man" on Nagasaki on 9th August 1945.