Nelson Mandela International Day 2020: Important date, History Nelson Mandela Day, Quotes
Updated: Jun 18, 2020 13:18 IST
Nelson Mandela International Day 2020: Nelson Mandela International Day is observed on July 18 every year in the remembrance of Nelson Mandela and his contribution to conflict resolution, reconciliation, democracy, human rights, and peace. Get the information about Nelson Mandela, history of Nelson Mandela International Day, quotes from this article.
Nelson Mandela International Day 2020
Nelson Mandela International Day is celebrated on July 18 to honour the political and social achievements of former South African President Nelson Mandela. This day is also known as Mandela Day. This day is marked on July 18 which is the birth anniversary of Nelson Mandela. Nelson Mandela dedicated his life to the service of humanity; as a human rights lawyer, an international peacemaker, a prisoner of conscience, and the first democratically elected president of a free South Africa. The aim of this day is “Take action, Inspire change and Make every day as a Mandela day”.
What is the history of Nelson Mandela International Day?
The first Mandela Day was held on July 18, 2009, in New York, but the United Nations resolution to recognize the day came later that year. On 10 November 2009, the UN General Assembly adopted a resolution A/RES/64/13 recognizing 18 July as the "International Day of Nelson Mandela". The day marks the contribution Nelson Mandela brings to peace through his active participation in resolving disputes, addressing racial issues, international democracy and reconciliation, and the promotion of human rights.
Who is Nelson Mandela?
Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela is one of South Africa's most known anti-apartheid activists. He was born on July 18, 1918, in South Africa. A member of the African National Congress Party which started in the 1940s, he was a leader of both peaceful protests and armed resistance to the apartheid regime of the white minority in a racially divided South Africa. His actions put him in jail in 1963 for almost three decades and made him the face of the antiapartheid movement in his country as well as internationally.
Mandela's prisoner number was 466 and he was jailed in 1963 on Robben Island, off South Africa's Cape Town. The Robben Island prisoners by numbers hence 46664 was Mandela's number. His release from prison in 1990 stimulated the country's political debates and led to the transformation of South Africa to a multiracial democracy.
Nelson Mandela continued to address racial problems in his country after his release and supported calls for reconciliation. His actions resulted in his being elected President of South Africa in 1994. As President, he remained in office until 1999. In 1993, he also received the Nobel Peace Prize along with another former South African president, Frederik Willem de Klerk.
In 2007, Mandela founded “The Elders”, which is an autonomous group of world leaders that promotes the building of peace, helps resolve the causes of human suffering, and fosters shared human interests.
How is Nelson Mandela International Day celebrated?
Nelson Mandela International Day is celebrated not only to remember Nelson Mandela but also to call for people to recognize their ability to have a positive effect on others around them. The day hopes that people will be encouraged to follow the values that Mandela shared which include democracy, freedom, equality, respect, reconciliation, and diversity.
Many individuals and organizations are taking part in various events around the world to celebrate Nelson Mandela Day.
One can participate in any voluntary jobs, sport, art, culture, music, and education.
Various activities are held on or around July 18 to commemorate the efforts of Nelson Mandela and to support the various initiatives that were inspired by accomplishments of Mandela.
This day also celebrates a campaign named ‘46664’ in reference to the Mandela prison number which was initiated to create awareness of HIV/AIDS and mainly focuses on humanitarian works.
Nelson Mandela - Special Quotes
To be free is not merely to cast off one’s chains, but to live in a way that respects and enhances the freedom of others.
It is easy to break down and destroy. The heroes are those who make peace and build.
It always seems impossible, until it is done.
Everyone can rise above their circumstances and achieve success if they are dedicated to and passionate about what they do.
Education is the most powerful weapon which you can use to change the world.
I learned that courage was not the absence of fear, but the triumph over it. The brave man is not he who does not feel afraid, but he who conquers that fear.
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