International Day against Drug Abuse and Illicit Trafficking 2020: Know Facts, History, Prevention & Treatment to Drug abuse

International Day against Drug Abuse and Illicit Trafficking 2020: International Day against Drug Abuse and Illicit Trafficking to raise awareness about the major problems that the illicit drugs cause in society. Read more information about History of International Day against Drug Abuse and Illicit Trafficking, What is drug abuse and how to treat drug abuse in this article.

Sheena | Updated Jun 13, 2020 10:13 AM

International Day against Drug Abuse and Illicit Trafficking 2020: Know Facts, History, Prevention & Treatment to Drug abuse

International Day against Drug Abuse and Illicit Trafficking 2020

International Day against Drug Abuse and Illicit Trafficking 2020 is observed on 26 June every year. It is being observed since 1989 worldwide. The observance aims to raise awareness of the major problem that illicit drugs represent to society.

Drug abuse is a complex socio-economic issue that requires a multi-stakeholder and integrated approach towards a drug-free society. The day aims to create awareness of the dangers that are caused by substance abuse in society and effecting behavioural change.

What is the history of International Day against Drug Abuse and Illicit Trafficking?

At the beginning of the 20th century, the drug trade was recognized as a global problem requiring a global solution. In 1909, the first international conference on narcotic drugs held in Shanghai. It led to the development of a multilateral system to control production, trafficking, and abuse of drugs. Later, the UN adopted three drug control conventions in 1961, 1971, and 1988. The conventions are:

  • Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs of 1961 as amended by the 1972 Protocol

  • Convention on Psychotropic Substances of 1971

  • United Nations Convention against Illicit Traffic in Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances of 1988

The United Nations General Assembly UNGA) passed a resolution 42/112 on 7 December 1987 and designated 26 June as the day to observe the International Day against Drug Abuse and Illicit Trafficking. UNGA aims to strengthen action and urge cooperation to achieve the goal of an international society free of drug abuse. The day is supported each year by individuals, communities, and various organizations worldwide. 

What is Drug Abuse?

One using legal or illegal substances in ways it shouldn’t be used is referred to as Drug Abuse. People abuse drugs to ease stress, feel good, or avoid reality. It affects the brain and causes changes in the chemical systems of the body. This can affect one's:

  • Ability to learn

  • Judgment

  • Decision making

  • Memory

The various types of drug abuse are:

  • Marijuana Abuse

  • Alcohol Abuse

  • Cocaine Abuse

  • Valium Abuse

  • Heroin Abuse

  • Percocet Abuse

  • Prescription Drug Abuse

How to treat drug abuse and addiction?

Therapy might help on a one-to-one, group, or family basis depending on the needs of the individual. The treatment will be intensive with the number of sessions the person needs to undergo. Different types of therapy include:

Cognitive-behavioral therapy - It helps people recognize and change ways of thinking that have associations with substance use. 
Multi-dimensional family therapy - It aims to help improve family function around an adolescent or teen with a substance-related disorder
Motivational interviewing - This type of treatment maximizes an individuals willingness to change and make adjustments to behaviors
Motivational incentives - It encourages abstinence through positive reinforcement

What is the importance of Drug Addiction Treatment?

People must enter a substance abuse rehabilitation program to relinquish their life from the turmoil of substance abuse. In 2016, an estimate stated that 28 million people around the globe are battling a substance use disorder. Only 10% (small portion) are getting the treatment. Avoiding rehab will cause long-term consequences, such as:

  • Career loss

  • Damage Family and relationships

  • Financial complications due to funding substance use

  • Deterioration of mental and physical well-being

  • Legal troubles, such as an arrest for illegal possession

How to observe International Day against Drug Abuse and Illicit Trafficking?

To observe the International Day against Drug Abuse and Illicit Trafficking day, join any national programme of action against substance and alcohol abuse. As community support is extremely important to treat, prevent, rehabilitate, it is important to accept those who are addicted to drug abuse. Help break the stigma and promote faster recovery.

You can stand as a good role model and empower young people to deal with life challenges to buffer substance abuse.
Try to provide factual information on the negative socio-economic effects of substance abuse to bring about behavioural changes.
Educate people about the effect of drug abuse and create awareness for the treatment.
Once can partner with government & NGOs to support rehabilitation programmes to increase access to information for affected individuals and

What is International Day against Drug Abuse and Illicit Trafficking 2019 Theme?

The theme for International Day against Drug Abuse and Illicit Trafficking 2020 is "Health for Justice. Justice for Health.". The theme aims to highlight that justice and health are the two sides of a coin while addressing the drug problems. The effective response requires accountable institutions of criminal justice, health & social services to provide integrated solutions, human rights obligations, and the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).

United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) also encourages individuals, non-profit organizations, the private sector, and member states to begin a social media campaign to mark the observation of the day.communities.
 

Facts about Drug abuse

  • Drug abuse is a chronic, relapsing, compulsive disorder. It requires formal treatment and multiple courses of treatment.

  • It might cause secondary risks including injury, premature non-natural deaths, fetal alcohol syndrome (FASD).

  • The relationship between illegal drugs, crime, and violence is direct and complex. 

  • Alcohol makes people vulnerable to crime.

  • Substance abuse and addiction affect other areas, like broken families, destroyed careers, death due to negligence or accident, domestic violence, physical abuse, and child abuse.

  • Drug abuse and addiction change one's brain chemistry. The more people abuse drugs, the more they damage their brains.

Disclaimer: The above information is for general informational purposes only. All information on the Site is provided in good faith, however we make no representation or warranty of any kind, express or implied, regarding the accuracy, adequacy, validity, reliability, availability or completeness of any information on the Site.

International Day against Drug Abuse and Illicit Trafficking - FAQ

1. What is an illicit drug?

Illicit drugs are substances that either stimulate (like cocaine or amphetamines) or inhibit (like heroin or sedative-hypnotics) the central nervous system or cause hallucinogenic effects. The use of such drugs has been prohibited globally.

2. What is drug addiction?

Drug addiction is the most severe form of substance use disorder (SUD). It develops when a person continues to use alcohol and/or drugs for a long time. It causes significant issues, such as health problems, disability, and failure to meet responsibilities at work, school, or home. 

3. What will happens if you get caught with drugs in India?

Depending upon the commercial quantity, one will undergo rigorous imprisonment for a term which shall not be less than 10 years, which may extend to 20 years. The person shall also be liable to fine which shall not be less than Rs.1 lakh but which may extend to Rs.2 lakh.

4. How many drugs are banned by the Indian government?

The Union Ministry of Health and Family Welfare (MoHFW) has banned 344 drugs (medicine combination) of fixed drug combinations.