International Chess Day 2020 - World Chess Day History, Significance, Importance, and World Chess Day Quotes.

International Chess Day 2020 is observed on 20th July 2020 to celebrate the game of Chess founded in 1924 by Federation Internationale des Echecs (FIDES) also known as the International Chess Federation in English. World Chess Day ultimately encourages more people to play and enjoy the game. Read this article to know more about International Chess Day History, Significance, facts about chess, and a lot more.

Monika | Updated Jul 09, 2020 06:28 AM

International Chess Day 2020 - World Chess Day History, Significance, Importance, and World Chess Day Quotes.

International Chess Day 2020

International Chess Day is observed to celebrate the game chess in many countries across the world. International Chess Day is observed on July 20th annually. Chess is a game played strategically between two people in a 64 square checkerboard, and the winner will be the one who captures the king of the other. Chess is a sport that is played and celebrated by the majority of adults and kids. Chess founded by Federation Internationale des Echecs (FIDES) in 1924. 

About Chess

Chess was developed in India during the fifth century. The pieces and rules evolved as the strategic game spread across continents. It also shifted between the classes. Once, only the upper class could afford to lurk over this long, challenging game. However, the merchant class later introduced the game to the rest of the population when they traveled around the world, trading their wares.

In chess, two opponents go head to head with 16 playing pieces each. These pieces consist of eight pawns, two rooks, two knights, two bishops, one queen and one king in each color. Their objective is to capture the opponent’s king by strategic moves.

What is the History of International Chess Day?

Chess was invented in the fifth century in India. Initially, it was named "Chaturanga." Undoubtedly, this is one of the oldest games of the era. Later, this game spread to Persia, and when the Arabs conquered Persia, Chess became a vital part of the Muslim population's life, and from there, it fanned out to Southern Europe. In the 15th century, Chess evolved in its current form in Europe. And by the late 15th century, it took the shape of a modern game and now the sport has become popular. Various Chess tournaments are conducted across the world with exciting new variations.

Further, the timing mechanism was also introduced in the game in 1861 with stringent rules along with charismatic players. On 20th July 1924, In the eighth Summer Olympic Games in Paris, France, FIDE was established, known as the World Chess Foundation. And from 20th July 1966, International Chess Day was announced to honor the foundation of FIDE. UNESCO proposed the idea of observing International Chess Day on 20th July. In 1851, the first modern chess tournament was held in London, and German Adolf Andersen won it. Today, chess tournaments are held all over the world. 

How to Celebrate World Chess Day?

World Chess Day can be observed in many ways. If you do not know anything about the sport, you can spend some time to understand how the game is played. You can either ask someone to educate you regarding it or use the internet to know about the game. If you already know to play chess, play it with any of your friends or family members. Remember, playing chess will help you boost your presence of mind. If you are a great chess player, offer to teach someone how to play the sport and educate them about the advantages of playing chess. If you do not have anyone to play, you can play it online on any website. The official website, World Chess Federation, conducts online games on World Chess Day. Use #InternationalChessDay to share on social media. 

Fun Facts about Chess

  1. The word “Checkmate” in Chess comes from the Persian phrase “Shah Mat,” which means “the King is dead.”

  2. The longest game of chess that is possible is 5,949 moves.

  3. A German named Dr. Emanuel Lasker retained the Champion title for the most time: 26 years and 337 days!

  4. The modern chessboard as we see it today appeared first in Europe in 1090.

  5. Chess is often cited by psychologists as an effective way to improve memory function which is recommended in the fight against Alzheimer’s.

  6. About 600,000,000 (Six hundred million) people know how to play chess worldwide!

  7. The oldest recorded chess game in history is from the 900s, between a historian from Baghdad and his student

  8. The second book ever printed in the English language was about chess!

  9. A Computer Program named Deep Thought Beat an International Grand Master for the first time in November 1988 in Long Beach, California.

  10. The first Chessboard with alternating light and dark squares appeared in Europe in 1090.

Quotes about Chess

“Nobody ever won a chess game by resigning.” – Savielly Tartakower

“One doesn’t have to play well, it’s enough to play better than your opponent.” – Siegbert Tarrasch

“If your opponent offers you a draw, try to work out why he thinks he’s worse off.” – Nigel Short

“In life, as in chess, forethought wins.” – Charles Buxton

“It is my style to take my opponent and myself on to unknown grounds. A game of chess is not an examination of the knowledge; it is a battle of nerves.” – David Bronstein

“Chess doesn’t drive people mad, it keeps mad people sane.” – Bill Hartston

“Chess is life in miniature. Chess is a struggle, chess battles.” – Garry Kasparov

“Chess is a war over the board. The object is to crush the opponent’s mind.” – Bobby Fischer

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International Chess Day 2020 - FAQs

1. Who invented chess?

Chess was invented in the fifth century in India. Initially, it was named "Chaturanga." It is said to be one of the oldest sports

2. Who are famous chess players in India?

Viswanathan Anand, Humpy Konneru, Pentala Harikrishna are a few well-known Chess Players in India.