Independence Day of Pakistan 2020 – History of Independence Day of Pakistan, Importance, Interesting Facts, Quotes

Independence Day of Pakistan 2020 - On 14 August 2020, Independence Day of Pakistan is observed each year to commemorate the liberation of the country when Pakistan unleashed itself from British rule and became a sovereign state. Read more information about the Independence Day of Pakistan history, importance, and interesting face about Pakistan’s Independence Day below.

Sheena | Updated Jul 02, 2020 16:22 PM

Independence Day of Pakistan 2020  – History of Independence Day of Pakistan, Importance, Interesting Facts, Quotes

Independence Day of Pakistan 2020

Independence Day of Pakistan is celebrated on 14th August every year. Independence Day of Pakistan is achieved one day before to Indian independence.  Independence Day of Pakistan was achieved in 1947 when Pakistan unleashed itself from British rule and became a sovereign state. In 1942, the Muslim League adopted Pakistan Movement to part India into two dominions. 

Later, India was divided into three territories:

  • the primary one was a Hindu majority, which makes up present-day India

  • the second was a Muslim area designated as Pakistan

  • the third was combined with Bengal and Assam with a slender Muslim majority. 

This was punctuated by a mass migration of Muslims from India to Pakistan, and Hindus from Pakistan to India. Nearly seven million refugees are estimated to have arrived in Pakistan during the post-partition period, where miserably 200,000 individuals lost their lives in the massacres through migration.

What is the History of Independence Day of Pakistan?

The call for establishing an independent Islamic state on the Indian subcontinent is often traced to a 1930 speech by Sir Muhammad Iqball, a poet-philosopher and, at the time, president of the All India Muslim League (after the Independence of Pakistan, shortened to Muslim). It had been his argument that the four northwestern provinces and regions of British India i.e., Sindh, Balochistan, Punjab, and North-West Frontier Province should at some point be joined to become a free and independent Muslim state. 1933, Rahmat Ali and other colleagues coined the acronym for Punjab, Afghanistan,Kashmir, and Indus Sindh and stan suffix from Balochistan which was later printed in Urdu, that meant ‘Land of the Pure’.

 Declaring Islam was jeopardized by a revived Hindu, Jinnah and the league postulated the “two-nation theory” that asserted Indian Muslims were entitled to and required a separate, self-governing state in a very reconstituted subcontinent. Jinnah was more hospitable in the negotiated settlement and was indeed his first instinct to preserve the unity of India,  with adequate safeguards for the Muslim community. For Jinnah, the Lahore (later Pakistan) Resolution of 1940, which involved an independent Muslim state or states in India, didn't initially stated the breakup of the Indian union.

Muhammed Ali Jinnah was the founder of Pakistan, leader of All–India-Muslim-League, and an official who also served because of the first Governor-General of Pakistan. Jinnah’s dream and motto for Pakistan were to support the principles of social justice, brotherhood, and equality, which he had aimed to understand under his own motto ‘Faith, Unity and Discipline’. Pakistan originally consisted of two parts, Pakistan (present Pakistan) and Bangladesh (present Bangladesh).

About Pakistan

Pakistan is a populous and multi-ethnic country in South Asia. Pakistan has historically and culturally been related to its neighbours Iran, Afghanistan, and India. Pakistan is situated at the Western end of the good Indo-Gangetic Plain. Northern Pakistan particularly the federally administered tribal areas have become a haven for members of neighbouring Afghanistan’s ousted Taliban regime and for members of various other Islamic extremist groups.

Pakistan is bordered by:

  • India to the east

  • Afghanistan to the west

  • Iran to the southwest

  • China to the northeast

The country shares a maritime border with Oman.

President: Arif Alvi
Prime Minister: Imran Khan
Capital: Islamabad
Official languages: English and Urdu
Currency: Pakistani rupee (Rs)

How is Independence Day of Pakistan Celebrated?

Pakistan Independence Day may be a public holiday and today is an event to promote patriotism and national unity. On this day leaders pay homage to people that lost their lives during the freedom struggle. This day is observed by: 

  • Those who attend the Independence Day parade dress up in Pakistani flag colors; white and green where white represents peace while green symbolizes prosperity and luck. 

  • The official building, parliament house are colorfully lit. 

  • The prime minister congratulates and speaks about the importance of today. The messages also reiterated Pakistan’s commitment to increase moral, legal, and diplomatic support to the people of Kashmir. 

  • This day also pays homage to people that devoted their lives to Pakistan’s freedom movement so as to achieve independence.

Indo-Pakistan War

Four wars have been fought between India and Pakistan after the independence and partition since 1947. 

  1. The primary war was soon after independence sometimes also referred to as the First Kashmir War. Pakistan claimed Kashmir because most of its residents were Muslims while Hindu leaders made Kashmir a neighborhood of India itself. The war ended only after the United Nations arranged for a cease-fire in 1949. India had control of about two-thirds of the state. 

  2. The second war in 1965 was also regarding the territory of Kashmir. it had been the culmination of a series of battles that occurred during the phase. The UN-mandated to finish the war and initiated peace talks. Within the following year, India and Pakistan signed the Tashkent Declaration, a peace during which both the country agreed to return conquered territories, remove troops, and return to the borders established in 1949.

  3.  The third war occurred in 1971 when India intervened to end the Bangladesh War of Independence defeating Pakistan, Bangladesh (Bangladesh) felt exploited by West Pakistan (present Pakistan) which held the majority of political power. Within the same year, Bangladesh won the elections, which eventually led to political unrest. India began supporting rebel troops in Bangladesh where Pakistan attacked the Indian military base, which was the official start of the war. 

  4. This led to the fourth which was the Kargil conflict of 1999. Pakistan prompted this conflict once they sent troops across Kashmir to hitch rebels within the Indian district Kargil.

Interesting Facts about Pakistan

  • One more reason Pakistan decided to celebrate its Independence Day on August 14 due to the 27th day of Ramzan, which is an auspicious date of the Islamic calendar, coincided with it.

  • Pakistan was partitioned from Independent India and not from British India.

  • The Edhi Foundation has carried the excellence of overseeing the world’s largest, volunteer-run ambulance service.

  • One among the most important mosques within the world; Shah Faisal is found in Islamabad, Pakistan.

  • The primary Muslim nation to elect a female prime minister.

  • British had ruled Pakistan for 90 years.

  • Karachi is the largest city but it isn't the. Islamabad is the capital of Pakistan.

Independence Day of Pakistan - Quotes

It is more important to love our country than in our city or town. We should work much harder for the sake of our country – Muhammad Ali Jinnah

Nations are born in the hearts of poet, they prosper and die in the hands of politicians – Muhammad Iqbal

Love is peace and its message is Pakistan – Nusrat Fateh Ali Khan

Recognition and self-esteem must lead to pride in labor. It's benefit is twofold; it will develop, you and the nation together – Abdul Sattar Edhi 

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Independence Day of Pakistan - FAQ

1. When is Pakistan Independence day?

Pakistan Independence Day is observed on the 14th of August every year to commemorate the freedom unleashed from British rule when it became a sovereign state.

2. Who founded Pakistan?

Muhammad Ali Jinnah was the founder of Pakistan who was also known as the father of the nation.

3. How did Pakistan get its name?

The country name given before the independence era is called British Raj or undivided India. PAKISTAN stands for P-Punjab, A-Afgania, K-Kashmir, S-Sindh, and Istan- from Baluchistan.

4. Was Pakistan a Hindu country?

Pakistan was an outcome of communal riots between Hindus and Muslims during the independence struggle which eventually prompted them to demand separate dominions. Pakistan was never a Hindu country.