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Independence Day 2020 - Independence Day History, Significance and Independence Day Celebrations
Updated July 04, 2020
Independence Day 2020 - On 15th August 2020, Independence Day is celebrated to mark the end of British rule in India. Read on to know more about Independence Day, History and Significance of Independence Day, and a lot more.
Independence Day 2020
Independence Day in India is celebrated on August 15th, every year. Independence Day 2020 is celebrated to mark the end of British rule in the country. Independence day is one of the days when patriotism is in the air across the country. The occasion also reminds us of our valiant freedom fighters who fought selflessly and even sacrificed their lives for our country to attain freedom from colonial rule. Let us know more in detail about Independence Day 2020.
What is the History of Independence Day in India?
British rule began in India in the year 1757, preceded by the victory of English East India Company at the Battle of Plassey and acquired control over the country. East India Company took power in India for almost 100 years and then the British crown replaced it via Indian Mutiny in 1857-58. During World War I, the Indian Independence movement commenced. It was guided by Mahatma Gandhi, who advocated the method of nonviolence, non-cooperation movement followed by the Civil Disobedience movement.
On 20th February 1947, British Prime Minister Clement Atlee announced that by 30th June 1948, the British rule in India would end, after which the powers would be transferred to a responsible Indian. This announcement was followed by the Muslim League's agitation and demand for the partition of the country. Later, on 3rd June 1947, British Government announced that any Constitution set up by the Indian Constituent Assembly which was formed in the year 1946, cannot apply to those parts of the country which were disinclined to accept it. On the same day, 3rd June 1947, Lord Mountbatten, the viceroy of India, put forth the partition idea known as Mountbatten Plan. The Muslim League and the Congress agreed to the proposal. The immediate effect was given to the intention of enacting the Indian Independence Act 1947.
The British rule in India came to an end on 14-15 August 1947, midnight. Therefore, the power was reassigned to the two new independent Dominions of India and Pakistan. Lord Mountbatten was the first to become the governor-general of the new Dominion of India. The first Prime Minister of Independent India was Jawahar Lal Nehru. The Constituent Assembly that was constituted in 1946 became the Parliament of Indian Dominion.
How is Independence Day Celebrated?
On Independence Day, the Indian flag is hoisted at multiple public places; the Prime Minister unfolds the nation's flag at Red Fort in Delhi to remember and celebrate this historic event. Along with the flag-hoisting ceremony, parade and folk-dance performances also happen. Multiple activities take place in different parts of the nation.
Academic institutions, including schools and colleges, host a special ceremony for enlightening the students about the historical significance of this day. Children fly tri-colored kites to celebrate this occasion.
As we celebrate the 74th Independence Day this year, we can proudly say that our country has made significant progress in all these years. Be it military, education, technology, sports, or infrastructure, India has improved in all the fields, and yes, the road ahead is full of development and prosperity.
India is a South Asian country that occupies a more significant part of the continent. India is said to be the second most populated country in the globe and is well-known for its culture and traditions. Throughout the centuries, residents of India developed a productive intellectual life in mathematics, astronomy, architecture, literature, music, and fine arts. New Delhi is the capital of India. Its government is a constitutional republic representing a highly diverse population of thousands of ethnic groups and likely hundreds of languages.
India remains to be one of the most ethnically diverse countries in the world. India is home to countless tribes and castes, and to more than a dozen primary and several minor linguistic groups from many language families unrelated to one another. Religious minorities like Muslims, Christians, Sikhs, Buddhists, and Jains, still account for a significant proportion of the population.
India is a peninsular country bounded by the Arabian Sea on the southwest, the Indian Ocean on the south, and the Bay of Bengal on the southeast. The country shares land borders with Pakistan to the west; Bangladesh and Myanmar to the east, and China, Nepal, and Bhutan to the north. In the Indian Ocean, India is in the neighbourhood of Sri Lanka and the Maldives; it's Andaman and Nicobar Islands share a coastal border with Indonesia and Thailand.
President: Ram Nath Kovind
Vice President: Venkaiah Naidu
Prime Minister: Narendra Modi
Capital: New Delhi
Official languages: Hindi, English
Currency: Indian rupee (₹)
Facts about Indian Independence Day
- India's name is derived from the River Indus, the home of the Indus Valley Civilization, and is considered one of the first ever civilizations. And our country's name in Sanskrit is Bhartiya Ganrajya.
- Jawahar Lal Nehru, India's first prime minister was featured in Vogue Magazine wearing his traditional coat, so his single-breasted jacket became a Fashion trend in the West.
- India has always been a peace-maker. Indeed, history speaks of it! India has never invaded any country in the last 1,00,000 years of history.
- Bhagat Singh, the Inspiring Soul of India was silver-tongued in many different languages that includes Swedish, French, English, Arabic, Hindi, and Punjabi, and not just that, he was a voracious reader as well.
- There have been various versions of our national flag, and it is often assumed that Mahatma Gandhi was the one who proposed the design of the Indian flag. In reality, it was Pingali Venkayya, a freedom fighter who came up with the idea of our very flag!
- Sardar Vallabhai Patel won the Prime Ministry elections fair and square, but Nehru didn't want to play second in command to anyone and Gandhi had a soft spot for Nehru, Sardar Patel was pulled down.
Indian Independence Day Quotes
On the occasion of India's Independence Day, here are 10 quotes by famous personalities on Indian Independence Day.
1. May the sun in his course visit no land more free, more happy, more lovely, than this our country! – Sardar Bhagat Singh
2. Let new India arise out of peasants’ cottage, grasping the plough, out of huts, cobbler and sweeper. – Swami Vivekananda
3. "If yet your blood does not rage, then it is water that flows in your veins. For what is the flush of youth, if it is not of service to the motherland." – Chandra Shekhar Azad
4. "If the deaf are to hear the sound has to be very loud." – Sardar Bhagat Singh
5. "The shots that hit me are the last nails to the coffin of the British rule in India." – Lala Lajpat Rai
6. "You must be the change you want to see in the World" – Mahatma Gandhi
7. "The Constitution is not a mere lawyer's document, it is a vehicle of Life, and its spirit is always the spirit of Age." – B. R. Ambedkar
8. "Freedom is never dear at any price. It is the breath of life. What would a man not pay for living?" – Mahatma Gandhi
9. "Swaraj is my birthright and I shall have it" – Bal Gangadhar Tilak
10. "We are Indians, firstly and lastly." – B.R. Ambedkar
Indian Independence Day - Wishes
Here are some Independence Day messages that you can send to your friends, family and loved ones.
- It's the time to get painted by unity and integrity, by saffron, white and green. Happy Independence Day Family!
- The tribute will always be less for our freedom fighters but the salute to all will never be less. Saluting the entire nation, Happy Independence day!
- Every year a bit of “me” in us gets free; every year there is someone enjoying the freedom in their own terms. Happy Independence Day!
- May the future bring more glory to our great nation. Wishing all a very Happy Independence Day.
- Our freedom fighters gave us a great lesson. Never to lose hope no matter how tough the situation is. Happy Independence Day!
- Let us strive to maintain the unity and diversity of this great nation of ours. Wishing you a very happy Independence Day.
- On this special day here’s wishing our dreams of a new tomorrow come true! May your Independence Day day be filled with patriotic spirit!
- Independence Day is the time to rethink who we are and how we got here. Jai Hind!
- Remember-- united we stand, divided we fall. Independence Day is a reminder for us that we all are Indians first. Happy Independence Day!
- Freedom cannot be bought by money. We earned ours through years of struggle against the British Raj. Let us remember all those who fought for our country. Jai Hind!
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